We're developing with the Yocto / Poky master branch and have switched over to DNF for runtime package management. Provided below is an example of the use of DNF with our NXP t1040rdb development board along with various notes that are intended to support the existing documentation. Note that we use the Linux mainline repository and our own Poky Linux mainline recipe to build our kernel for the t1040rdb.
# uname -a Linux t1040rdb-64b 4.14.0-yocto-standard #4 SMP Tue Dec 19 12:03:15 EST 2017 ppc64 ppc64 ppc64 GNU/Linux
This article assumes the reader is somewhat familiar with both the DNF and Yocto documentation for DNF and can refer to these resources for further information.
DNF is a python app installed under our site-packages directory. There is also a dnf script under /usr/bin.
# which dnf /usr/bin/dnf # ls -l /usr/bin/dnf lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 5 Dec 17 22:46 /usr/bin/dnf -> dnf-3 # file /usr/bin/dnf-3 /usr/bin/dnf-3: Python script, ASCII text executable
# ls /usr/lib64/python3.5/site-packages/dnf __init__.py cli crypto.py history.py match_counter.py pycomp.py rpm transaction.py automatic comps.py drpm.py i18n.py package.py query.py sack.py util.py base.py conf exceptions.py lock.py persistor.py repo.py selector.py yum callback.py const.py goal.py logging.py plugin.py repodict.py subject.py
Next we set up the configuration on the target:
# more /etc/dnf/dnf.conf [main] debuglevel=10 installonly_limit=3 clean_requirements_on_remove=True # mkdir /etc/yum.repos.d # touch /etc/yum.repos.d/oe-packages.repo
Build Machine Configuration
Below are snippets of our build machine configuration to support runtime package management along with other notes. This closely follows the previously referenced Yocto documentation
IMAGE_FEATURES += "package-management"
PACKAGE_CLASSES ?= "package_rpm"
A .manifest file, which lists all installed packages, can be found in our image's work directory under deploy-<image name>-image-complete.
rpm's can be found under each working directory in deploy-rpms regardless of whether they are installed in the rootfs as part of the image.
We run an HTTP server using python's http.server from our deploy/rpm directory. Make sure to run bitbake package-index to create the repodata directory under deploy/rpm
$ cd /<build_dir>/tmp-glibc/deploy/rpm $ sudo python3 -m http.server --bind <ip address> 80 Serving HTTP on <ip address> port 80 ...
Basic usage on target
# tree /var/cache/dnf /var/cache/dnf |-- expired_repos.json |-- oe-repo-8ab9e3847eb1e406 | `-- repodata `-- tempfiles.json
# dnf makecache timer: config: 30 ms DNF version: 2.6.3 ... Metadata cache created. Cleaning up.
Refer back to the build machine to see which files were fetched from the http server:
"GET /repodata/repomd.xml HTTP/1.1" 200 - "GET /repodata/afe97716a59c8d8b6011e70f8fc5791cd1c30e2750595ca1f43a5e74bbbe81fe-primary.xml.gz HTTP/1.1" 200 - "GET /repodata/f64b0e6040a96af9373671f95098a656db8ad27ecb084b708d18c90353209192-filelists.xml.gz HTTP/1.1" 200 -
Examine how /var/cache/dnf has changed after making the cache:
# tree /var/cache/dnf /var/cache/dnf |-- expired_repos.json |-- oe-packages-629a55811292ca3d | `-- repodata | |-- afe97716a59c8d8b6011e70f8fc5791cd1c30e2750595ca1f43a5e74bbbe81fe-primary.xml.gz | |-- f64b0e6040a96af9373671f95098a656db8ad27ecb084b708d18c90353209192-filelists.xml.gz | `-- repomd.xml |-- oe-packages-filenames.solvx |-- oe-packages.solv |-- oe-repo-8ab9e3847eb1e406 | `-- repodata `-- tempfiles.json
Let's see which python3 packages are installed on our target. Keep in mind that we are including debug information due to our debuglevel setting in dnf.conf.
# dnf info python3-* | more Installed Packages Name : python3-2to3 Version : 3.5.2 Release : r1.0 ....
Install a new package
Let's install bison:
# bison -sh: bison: command not found # dnf install bison timer: config: 25 ms DNF version: 2.6.3 ... Installed: bison.ppce500v2 3.0.4-r0 Complete! Cleaning up. /var/cache/dnf/oe-packages-629a55811292ca3d/packages/bison-3.0.4-r0.ppce500v2.rpm removed # bison --version bison (GNU Bison) 3.0.4
We'll continue to update this article throughout the year...